Peshawar is the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and its largest town in Pakistan. This is Pakistan’s sixth-largest city. Also, Peshawar is Pakistan’s largest Pashtun-majority city. Situated in the wide Peshawar Valley near the east end of the historic Khyber Pass, near the border with Afghanistan, the recorded history of Peshawar dates back to at least 539 BCE, Making it Pakistan ‘s oldest city, and one of the oldest in South Asia.
History of Peshawar
As the center of the ancient Gandhara area, under Kanishka’s rule, Peshawar became the capital of the Kushan Empire; And it was the home of the Kanishka stupa, one of the world’s tallest buildings. Then, Peshawar was ruled by the Hephthalites, followed by the Hindu Shahis before the Muslim empires arrived. Before becoming part of the Afghan Durrani Empire in December 1747, the city was an important trading center during the Mughal era and served as the Afghan winter capital from 1776 until the capture of the city by the Sikh Empire in March 1823, followed by the British in 1846.
Peshawar District is a district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan’s Peshawar Division. It is situated approximately 160 km west of the capital Islamabad, Pakistan. The headquarters of the district is Peshawar which is also Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s capital.
Education in Peshawar
District Peshawar is home to excellent educational institutions in both the public and private sectors. For all major disciplines, it has universities, starting from humanities, general sciences, mathematics, computer sciences, medical sciences, agricultural sciences, and management sciences. There are currently 9 medical colleges, 2 of which are recognized and approved by Pakistan Medical and Dental Association in the public sector and 7 in the private sector, plus a medical university, Khyber Medical University in the district.
The first women’s university was established in 2012 when Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University started working while IQRA National University of the private sector was also established in 2012. According to Alif Ailaan ‘s 2017 Pakistan District Education Rankings, Peshawar ranks 4th in Pakistan in terms of primary school infrastructure while in Pakistan it ranks 52nd for middle school infrastructure.
University of Peshawar
Peshawar University is a university of public education, situated in Peshawar, Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The university is one of Pakistan’s oldest universities and is ranked among the country’s highest-rated universities.
Established in 1950 the university offers undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programs. With nearly 14,000 enrolled students attending university, the university is renowned for having eight research centers located within the campus for its research in social, medical, and natural sciences.
Language of Peshawar
Pashto and Hindko are the primary native languages spoken in Peshawar, while English is used in educational institutions in the region, while Urdu is understood throughout the region.
Industry of Peshawar
The Jamrud Road Industrial Estate of Peshawar is an industrial zone built on 868 acres in the 1960s. The industrial estate houses industries such as furniture, marble manufacturing, and food processing. As part of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor, four special economic zones are to be developed in the province, with the government providing highways, electricity, power, water, and protection. The nearby Hattar SEZ is planned to provide 30,000 people with jobs and is being built at a cost of about $200 million with completion expected in 2017.
Peshawar is home to plenty of sporting facilities. The most famous are Arbab Niaz Stadium, the Peshawar International Cricket Ground, and Qayyum Stadium, the multi-sport facilities located in the cantonment of Peshawar.
Cricket is Peshawar’s most famous sport with Arbab Niaz Stadium as the principal ground coupled with Cricket Academy. The domestic cricket team of Peshawar is Peshawar Panthers, while in the Pakistan Super League Peshawar Zalmi represents the city. Hockey and squash in Peshawar are common too.
Food of Peshawar
The most important part of the local food of Peshawar is meat that is cooked in the form of “tikka,” “karahi” “dump kit” etc. The men who love lamb meat in there. The way to order it at any restaurant is to select the meat variety and quantity and in your presence, they cook it.
Their traditional recipes include chapli kebab, fried fish, and meat- and rice-based dish and caramelized carrots known as Kabuli pulao top of the list.
Although with growing times, in following the trend of cafes, it is also not less than other cities, Chinese and multi-cuisine restaurants are also opened with the same tastes.