Suicide: Suicidal risk factors, and signs
Written by Taiba Anwer

HEALTH

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Suicide: 5 Risk factors and signs

Sep 15, 2020 | 0 comments


Every year, the 10th of September is acknowledged as World Suicide Prevention day. Its main purpose is to inform and raise awareness among people. So that people can sense and stand together to help each other.

The suicide rate has risen alarmingly in the last five years. It is likely to rise further in the coming years. Self-murder has been going on for a long time.

It was the second leading cause of death for children aged 15–29 worldwide in 2016. Therefore, it is imperative to educate people on suicide prevention and offer solutions to all their problems.

 Suicide is a very important issue. A vital suicide prevention strategy is really needed. That’s why we’re going to talk about it right now. In this blog post, you are going to know about:

  • World suicide prevention day
  • What leads to suicide?
  • Statistics provided by WHO
  • A survey published By Dawn.com
  • Suicidal risks and know prevention.

Scrutiny of WHO for suicidal rates:

Suicide is now a significant and major health problem. According to WHO, more than 80,000 people took their lives every year. Every suicidal home, tribe, the community, even the country is badly affected. A vast number of people learned suicidal ways. They adopted this path by following suicide doers.

Photo credits: Google

Another analysis proclaims that every forty seconds one person commits suicide. 80% of this happens in poor and unimproved countries. But, this is true to a certain extent because in the US there are 130 suicides every day and 100,000 suicidal attempts every year even so the US is a rich and well-developed country.

Highest youth suicidal countries

Lithuania is in the top countries with the highest suicidal rate. 32 % of its population of both genders commit suicide each year.

In Russia, nearly 30% of natives aborted death rehearsals. Therefore, It is at number two in the highest suicidal rates.

And last but not least, Guyana, which is a South American country is ranked third among them with the ratio of 29% suicidal attempts.

Pakistan’s suicide rates:

Pakistan is an unindustrialized country. Unfortunately, it has not a mature and sophisticated economy. No source of information about suicide is available due to a lack of resources. In addition, the government does not take any legal action and does not provide any statistics.

As reported by local news, 20 suicides have been reported in the media press since January.

Suicide survey published by Dawn

In December 2019, the newspaper conducted a public survey and asked people to participate anonymously and engage in it. 70% of the men in the survey were between the ages of 18 and 40 responded. They were from the major cities of Pakistan such as Karachi, Lahore, and Islamabad.

In this survey, respondents also share stories of their close suicidal victims. Read the full survey here.

What leads to suicide?

No single reason for suicide is present here. Man makes his decision only when a problem leads him to despair and defeat. Most causes are undetectable. Depression and dangerous anxiety can increase the risk of suicide when left untreated and unaddressed.

Who is at risk?

1 Mental Health conditions leading to suicide

  • Depression
  • Schizophrenia
  • Conduct disorder
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Substance use problems
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Personality traits of aggression, poor relationships, and mood changes.

2 Physical health conditions leading to suicide

  • Traumatic brain injury
  • severe pain

3 Environmental conditions leading to suicide

  • Access to lethal means including drugs and firearms.
  • Exposure to another person’s suicide, or to sensationalized or graphic  accounts of suicide.

4 Life events leading to suicide:

  • Harassment, bullying, relationship problems, or unemployment, and other prolonged stress.
  • Divorce, financial crisis, rejection, loss, and other life transitions.

5 Historical conditions leading to suicide:

  • Childhood abuse, neglect, or trauma.
  • Family history of suicide.
  • Suicide attempts in past.

What are the warning signs of suicide?

1 Emotional distance

A person who feels suicidal is usually separated from other people. He starts avoiding family meetings and friend’s gatherings. It may not seem like a warning sign but this type of behavior is alarming because he is suffering from depression and anxiety. He loses interest in normal activities of home and work. This social distancing should be considered as a warning sign.

2 Behavioral change

 We don’t notice if a person shows extreme mood swings. For example, if smiling and a happy person gets angry or upset over a small thing, you mostly ignore it even though it is a noticeable thing. The slightest change in a person’s mood can lead to bad consequences and negative effects.

Photo credits: Google

3 Access to deadly sources:

Do not take it lightly if someone close to you tells you that he or she bought a gun, knife, a drug, pills, or any such deadly substance.

It’s important to know that someone you love has access to any lethal means.

Keep an eye on the mood swings, movements, settlements, and residences. Surely, such a person needs a lot of attention and love.

4 Use of alcohol or drugs:

It is dangerous for a person to start using drugs and alcohol in his normal routine again and again. Such people have some kind of sorrow and guilt or remorse in their souls. Due to this fact, they use drugs to forget corresponding things. In the end, they took their own lives and commit this illegal action.

5 Talking weird

These warning signs indicate that the person is asking help or he is in acute danger

  • If the person talks about being a burden to others
  • The person has an aim to seek revenge.
  • He is showing himself as a hopeless person.
  • Talking about wanting to die or kill oneself.

Suicide doesn’t end the pain. In fact, It just not only passes into someone else but also It is a complex and layered issue. Hence,  we all need to work together for it.


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